An amazing natural product made by bees from the nectar of flowers, honey has been used for centuries not only as food but also as a home remedy for many medical ailments and injuries (травмы). It is thought that honey never spoils (портится) or goes bad. With age, it may dry (сухой) and become crystallized, but it can be brought back to a usable state with correctly applied heat (нагревание). Jars (банка) of honey dating as far back as 5,000 years have been found in the tombs of pharaohs in the Egyptian pyramids; they are believed to still be usable.
Honey does not have many natural nutrients, although many types of honey do contain some traces of minerals depending on the plants they are produced from. Some types may also contain some fiber (клетчатка) or protein; however, honey is mostly a product of natural sugars.
Because it is so high in natural sugars, honey is often used in cooking and baking as an alternative to processed sugar. Some home remedies for coughs (кашель) suggest adding honey to warm tea or water, especially for children who may be sensitive (чувствительный) to cough syrups and medications. It can also be used to sweeten children’s medicine. For minor injuries (повреждения), cuts (порезы), and burns (ожоги), honey has long been used to treat wounds (лечить раны), as it has natural antiseptic properties. However, it is not recommended as a long-term remedy (лечебное средство) or a replacement (замена) for modern medical care.
Some people also believe that consuming locally-produced honey can help people who suffer (страдает) from seasonal allergies to local plant life; it is thought that the limited intake (ограниченное потребление внутрь) of honey made from these pollens (пыльца) can help allergy sufferers build an immunity to the plant pollen causing the allergy. While research (исследование) varies and results show that honey can be helpful for some ailments, scientists are still studying this ancient (древний) natural wonder to discover (открывать новое) all the ways it can be useful (полезный) to people.